Western Theories on Conflict Resolution and Peace Building: A Critique
This paper focuses on reviewing and analyzing critically the academic and scientific efforts that are related to;
first- Peace theory, second- Coexistence ideologies and policies, such as; collectivism,globalism vs. universalism, and
pluralism vs. multiculturalism.It aims at exploring strengths and weaknesses in terms of practice. The main hypothesis that it
tries to test its validity is that there is a need, on theory and practice levels, for a new perspective on conflict resolution and
peacebuilding in international relations. The methodology in this paper is not limited to the narrative review, which means
explaining the background, and presenting the aim, the focus, the main aspects, and the findings of each ideology and theory,
but it surpasses this step to the clarification of a specific critical position towards them and the analysis of their effects.
Index Terms - Identity- Conflict Management- Conflict Resolution- Peacebuilding.