Paper Title
The Effects of Mothers' Learning Involvement, Preschooler’s Self-Directed Learning Ability and Self-Regulation on their Math Ability: Relationship with Maternal Achievement Goal Orientation

We tried to find out whether mother’s learning involvement, young children’s self-directed learning ability and self-regulation explain their math ability. The data were collected from 204 preschoolers, their mothers and 17 teachers in South Korea. According to the results, mothers with higher learning goal orientation tend to provide their children with more information about their studies, and show more respect and love. And the math ability of children with such mothers was superior to the opponent group. On the other hand, mothers of higher performance goal orientation tend to have higher academic performance pressure on their children. Second, children's math ability correlated with mothers' learning goal orientation, academic achievement pressure, respect and love, children’s self-monitoring, and all sub–factors of their selfdirected learning ability. Third, preschoolers’ math ability was influenced by their creativity which constitutes self-directed learning ability, respect and love which constitutes mother's learning involvement, and their self-monitoring which constitutes self-regulation. Index Terms- Math ability, Learning involvement, Self-directed learning ability, Self-regulation, Achievement goal orientation