Solid Waste as a Sustainable Source of Energy
This research aims to 1) to promote a sustainable solid waste management to local administrative organization and
Governmental Offices including citizen 2) to enhance solid waste management in community by unpolluted incinerator and
renew it to green power energy and also local administrative organization’s or public land allocation to locate a municipal
waste-to-energy plant in order to make it as a center of waste incinerator by collaboration with local administrative
organization which are responsible for solid waste management. To operate the municipal waste-to-energy plant, it is required
to have large waste logistics to prevent municipal garbage trucks from causing nuisance to people living in neighborhood of the
plant and it is cost and time-effective.
Nowadays, waste quantity in Thailand significantly increase because of continuous country development and community
expansion. Thailand as one of the top tourist destination has significant growth in economics and society which certainly
comes with more waste. In many countries, there are sustainable waste management which are role model for local
administrative organizations. They have technology which can be employed for waste disposal and sufficient waste-to-energy
production. This is the example that waste-to-energy plant can sustainably address waste problem and operate in the
community without causing any problem.
1. Environmental impact from using technology, quantity and component of waste, municipal capacity in waste collection,
problems in community, expensive waste management system process and construction, complicated budget approval,
complexity in local administrative management, waste management policy in each government authority are different.
Therefore, if we can address these problems, we can achieve our goal in renewing waste to electricity. The targeted generating
capacity is 323 MW. The advantage of waste-to-energy are cost-effective and reduce problem of waste management.
However, there are some limitation for waste-to-energy such as protestation against waste-to-energy plant from people in
neighborhood and expensive high technology waste transform process. Therefore, we should employ proper technology to
deal with pollution and chemical substance from waste incinerator. Moreover, the ownership of waste are disputable, for
example, the investor (local administrative organization) of waste-to-energy plant may not be the owner of waste so the
process of interest allocation maybe delayed.
2. The government should support to standardize management system development for waste in community, hazardous waste
from industries, infectious waste and hazardous waste from abroad. Moreover, they should improve relevant organizations and
regulations as Department of Industrial Works has authority to issue industrial licenses while Pollution Control Department is
responsible for pollution problems and all local Administrative Organizations are in charge of waste management in
community but there is no specific authority which is responsible for waste management policy and system as a whole.
Therefore, the Government should set up this authority to regulate waste management and consult other relevant organizations
on waste management issues.
Index Terms - Alternative Energy, Waste, Sustainable, Energy