Paper Title
Messages From The Grave: Ukrainian Immigrant Tombstones in Edmonton, Alberta

This study aims to review the tombstones of the first generation of Ukrainian immigrants in Edmonton, Canada, in connection with shapes, epitaphs, carvings, materials and location/direction of tombstones. With this subject, I also considered three elements, religion, age and social status of the dead, which were likely to influence the Ukrainian tombstones. Throughout this study, I attempted to reveal the messages from Ukrainian immigrant tombstones. . Index Terms— Ukraine, Tombstone, Folklore, Ukrainian immigrant