Modern Remote Sensing Methods in Seismology
A large range of satellite methods is useful now in seismology. The primary applications of satellite
information for earthquake investigation were initiated in the ‘70s, when energetic faults were mapped on satellite images. It
was an unadulterated and effortless extrapolation of air photograph geological interpretation methods into space. The current
personification of this method is alignment analysis. Time sequence of alignments on the Earth’s surface is investigated
before and after the earthquake. An advance purpose of satellite information in seismology is connected with geophysical
methods. Electromagnetic methods have about the similar long narration of application for seismology. Constant statistical
estimations of ionosphere-lithosphere relation were obtained based on satellite ion bonds. The most successful recent plan
“DEMETER” shows remarkable results. Various outcomes comprise confirmed previous observations of thermal anomalies
on the Earth's surface prior to earthquakes. In ‘80s a new technology satellite radar interferometer opened a fresh ways.
Magnificent films of pre-seismic deformations were obtainable. Current researches are stirring in the way of pre-earthquake
deformation finding. GPS technology is also broadly used in seismology both for ionosphere sounding and for ground
movement recognition. Satellite gravimetry has demonstrated its initial extremely notable domino effect on the example of
the catastrophic Indonesian earthquake in 2004. Pretty innovative applications of remote sensing for seismology as
atmospheric sounding, gas observations, and cloud analysis are measured as possible candidates for applications.
Index term - Earthquake, pre-seismic, remote sensing, fault, analysis, technology.