Public School Teachers' Conceptions of Teaching, Learning, and Assessment
This study assessed science teachers' conceptions of traditional teaching and learning, attitude towards using tests,
and use of formative versus summative assessment tasks. Data were gathered from 127 public primary school science teachers.
According to the results, most of the teachers were found supportive of the traditional teaching approach and held a positive
attitude towards using tests. Moreover, the highly reported tasks the teachers used were tests and quizzes. Partial Least
Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) results pointed to the mediating role of teachers' positive attitudes towards
tests in linking their belief in traditional teaching to increased summative assessment task usage.
Index Terms— teachers' perceptions; science education; formative and summative assessment; Partial Least
Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM)