The Preventive Measures to Reduce the Impact of Accidents in Cargo Transport Operations
This research is a qualitative research focused to bring knowledge to good use in the study of the behavior of the driver and find ways to reduce accidents. From all riders in the group of 76 people, 13 drivers who have experienced the accidents were interviewed to analyze the nature of the accident to transport beer, the gender of the driver, the age range of people driving, experience of the driver at the time of the accident, the nature of the accident, the nature of the accident and road conditions as well as other environment-related accident. Data from interviews with riders found that the drivers perform are all male. This is because of the skills needed in driving a truck, the obligations and duties of drivers as well as the time and route of driving that does not allow women to become truck drivers. Data from interviews with riders also found that 10 motorists aged between 25-55 years old. The collected data by interviewing truck drivers who had accidents showed that rider’s experiences are between 1-22 years, the survey shows that motorists with driving experience between 0-5 years are accounted for most accidents, followed by drivers with experience of driving between 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-20 years and over 20 years’ experience, respectively so it can be seen that the experience of driving a truck affected the result of an accident. The less experienced would inevitably cause an accident rather than the highly experienced ones because of expertise with the vehicle and the accessories of vehicles. For the time of the incident, the result can be seen that percentage of most accidents occurs between 06:01 to 12:00 hrs. The second is the period between 00:01 to 06:00 hrs. and 12:01 to 18:00 hrs. Less is at 18:01 - 24:00 hrs. It is seen that the time of the accident is during the day so daylight may result due to the volume of traffic during the day, resulting in the likelihood of high accidents compared to the period of nighttime.
Index Terms— accident, protective measures, reduce their impact, the operating carrier.