The Effect of Modified Tai Chi Intervention in Older Females with Balance Problems
Propose: To determine the effectiveness of 6-week Modified Tai Chi Intervention in older females with balance problems
Methods: Twenty-six females between 70-85 years of age with balance problems and strength of the lower muscles of the
body were moderate (grade 2+ to 3+) without prior Tai Chi training volunteered for the study. All participants were from an
elderly female foster home. A modified 6-week Tai Chi exercise program was created and adopted as an intervention
program for this study. The participants underwent the modified Tai Chi program 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The modified
Tai Chi exercise allowed the participants to exercise with chair enabling them to ensure maximum safety due to ages. The
participants performed the m-CTSIB, postural stability balance test, fall risk test, 8 feet up-and-go test, and fear of falling
test before and after the exercise program. Pair t-test was conducted at the significant level of .05.
Results: After the 6-week Modified Tai Chi invention, the senior participants had better balance where the following test
results, Sway Index of Composite, 8 foot up-and-go test, and feat of falling scores were better at .05 significant level than
those before the experiment.
Conclusion: The 6-week Modified Tai Chi Intervention was safe and effective in improving balance outcomes and enable to
decrease fear of falling in the time of the exercise of older females with balance problems.
Key words - Exercise intervention, Tai chi, balance, older females