Massive Open Online Course (MOOC): Issues and Challenges
MOOC, a term used to describe course offered fully online where user can obtain graduation certificate upon
user‘s completion of that particular course which offers an edge of education that has never been thought possible decades
ago. For educators, the current pattern of change pressures and emerging trends represent an exciting opportunity. This
exciting opportunity revolves around setting a framework of learner-driven pedagogy, extending knowledge to and from
global classrooms and increasing access to learning. Yet, for the learner, it‘s time to move as technology changes. In this
paper, beginning with the definition and a brief history of MOOCs, this paper examines it from various dimensions:
pedagogical, technological implementations and challenges in digital era. Therefore, a literature reviews on MOOCs
characteristics, timeline of its development and a blend of practical issues with the experiences of well -known MOOCs
providers are presented.
Keywords - MOOC, Massive Open Online Courses, Higher Education.