Issues and Challenges of 21st Century Teaching and Learning: The Malaysian Experience
For a nation to face issues and challenges in the new era of Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), it primarily means building up the data and communication infrastructure, reconfiguring the education system, introducing new labour market instruments, adapting the societal environment, and creating fiscal aid for companies to deal with the incurred investments into new technologies and know-how are detrimental. There are four factors that pave the ways for life in the 21st century, namely knowledge work, thinking tools, digital lifestyles and learning research. First, there is a need for workers to be knowledgeable so that they can innovate products and services that solve real problems and meet the needs of customers, especially in the technical areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Next, the array of technology and digital devices available can be considered as thinking and knowledge tools that are helping us to think, learn, communicate, collaborate and work more effectively. Powerhouses such as German, France, China, South Korea and Japan have planned initiatives ranging from cyber security to 21st century education. This paper aims to analyse issues and challenges faced by the Malaysian education community when the 21st Century Teaching and Learning method was introduced in the Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2025.
Keywords - 21st Century Teaching And Learning, Education System, Issues And Challenges, Malaysia.