Poverty Alleviation Through Neighbourhood Groups – A Study In Ernakulum District Of Kerala State, India
Poverty in India, like the nation’s population, is predominantly rural but remarkably responsive to economic
growth.as the economy grows, poverty diminishes, faster when growth is strong, slower when it is not. The approach of
poverty alleviation through economic growth focuses on the poverty reducing potentials of growth process by appropriate
choice of policies and strategies which would enhance the flow of benefits to the poor. Therefore the government of India
has implemented variousschemes to reduce poverty, for empowering poor women and topromote gainful employment.
Kudumbashree is a comprehensive poverty alleviation programme in the state of Kerala and it focuses primarily on micro
finance and micro enterprise development. The mission of Kudumbashree is “to eradicate absolute poverty in ten years
through concerted community action under the leadership of local self-governments, by facilitating organization of the poor
for combining self-help groups with demand led convergence of available services and resources to tackle the multiple
dimensions and manifestation of poverty holistically”. The aim of the project is to examine the extent to which NHGs have
contributed to poverty alleviation and household welfare. For the collection of data, both primary and secondary sources
were used. Interview schedule was administered for collecting primary data. The finding reveals that kudumbashree NHG
movement has achieved remarkable success in making the poor economically active by way of increasing the employment
and income levels as well as the asset base.
Keywords- Kudumbashree, Micro Enterprise, Micro Finance, NHGs