Towards Bio-Economy: Optimal Match Of Biomass Resources To Bio-Products Productions
Bio-based economy or simply bio-economy is not a new concept. This concept, rather to be called as a practice,
has had important contributions to the nation’s developments and poverty alleviation for many countries in the world.
However, the concept now is refreshed with more strategic activities such as planning and operating the bio-refineries that
utilize biomass resources. In this paper, optimal match of biomass resources to bio-products productions has been proposed
and serve as a pre-requisite step in planning and operation of a bio-refinery. Brief explanations about thermochemical biomass
conversion are reported. A superstructure of alternatives to produce bio-products such as bioenergy, bio-chemicals or
bio-materials from biomass resources show a guided description in connecting and optimizing processing stages that are
required to convert the biomass. Later in the optimization model’s formulation, bio-economic indicator such as profitability
would be one of the relevant objective functions for achieving an optimal solution.
Index Terms— Bio-economy, bio-refinery, biomass, biomass conversion routes, bio-products.