Non-Verbal IQ And Quality Of Life (QOL) Among Special Needs Students In Kelantan, Malaysia
Special needs children are often linked to people with low IQ levels. Low IQ in these types of children is
associated with problems in reading and understanding of what they are learning. Quality of life (QOL) is a concept that
assesses both positive and negative aspects in life. QOL for each individual is different from other individual depending on
how the person’s manage his/her daily live. The aim of this study is to compare non-verbal IQ and QOL score by the gender
and aged group among special needs students in Kelantan, Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 130
special needs students aged between 8 to 18 years old from 5 primary and 5 secondary schools in Kelantan, Malaysia. All
subjects were administered to the Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (CTONI 2nd edition) and Pediatric Quality
of Life (PedsQLTM) inventory to assess their non-verbal IQ and QOL. The independent t - test was used to determine
whether there is a statistically significant difference between gender and age groups on IQ and QOL. One-way ANOVA was
used to determine the effect of different type of learning disabilities on special needs students IQ and QOL. The t-test result
showed significant difference in IQ between age groups (p<0.05) not by gender (p=0.371), while no significant difference in
QOL between age groups (p=0.702) and gender (p=0.191). One-way ANOVA indicates there is no significant difference on
special needs students IQ (p=0.500) and QOL score (p=0.898) on the basis of different type of learning disabilities. Detailed
implication of this study will be discussed in the paper.
Index Terms— non-verbal IQ, QOL, special needs students, Kelantan, Malaysia.