Paper Title
Innovation In Low-Technology Industries–The Same Across Europe

The paper aims at deepening understanding of innovation in low-technology enterprises. It describes diversification of innovation behaviour among low-technology industries using data from the eighth Community Innovation Survey (CIS 2012). The results of the cluster analysis reveal polarization in innovation across European countries. The differences in performance among the European Union members put into question the existence of a single innovation pattern of low-technology industries. Index Terms- CIS Data, Innovation, Low-Technology Industries.