The Challenges Of The Criminal Responsibility Of The Offenders Of Crimes Of Air Pollution In Iraq After 2003
One of the main challenges for the protection of the air in Iraq from pollution, is the difficulty of determining
criminal responsibility of the offenders of crimes of air pollution, which infringes the axis, which occupies the criminal
philosophy and the policy which is used to reduce air contamination in criminal law; The air pollution offences may cause
risks and dangers that cannot be evaluated and determine the seriousness of the crimes. This paper discusses the concept of
public criminal responsibility in accordance with Iraqi legislation of the Iraqi Penal Act No. 111 of 1969, as well as the
Protection Act; and to improve the Iraqi Environment No. 27 for the year 2009, and determine the criminal responsibility of
the offenders in the air pollution offenses under this legislation. As well as a statement of the negative effects of the U.S
occupation on Iraq, and its impact on the pollution of the Iraqi environment through using internationally forbidden weapons
in 2003. For this purpose, the adoption of the qualitative method of research that has consulted primary and secondary
sources. In this way, where there has also been conducted personal interviews of people involved in the judicial and
academic career criminal, ultimately, the study found that there are many legal issues and constraints, such as the weakness
of Iraqi laws and legislation in the field of environmental protection and multiple sources of pollution of the air in Iraq, has
caused a slowdown in addressing these constraints which significantly affect in determining the responsibility of the
offenders of the crimes of air pollution.
Keywords- Criminal Responsibility, Air Pollution, Environment, Offenders.