Comparing Five-Factor Personality Traits In People Proceeding To Natural Childbirth And Caesarian Darab City 2016
Introduction:Pregnancy is a physiologic phenomenon which finally will lead to childbirth. This event is along with fear,
worry and panic. High percent of Caesarian prevalence and its relation with psychological factors urged us to identify fivefactor
variables of personality and compare its traits in people proceeding in natural childbirth and Caesarian.
Working method: The present study was conducted in cross-sectional scientific –comparative method for 6 months on
women who had selected their childbirth type regarding 50% prevalence and 5% error and by simple and accessible
sampling method in Darab city Imam Hassan Hospital. The tool used in this study was neo five factor personality inventory.
After collecting data, they were entered in statistical software SPSS and we compared five factors with hoteling chi-square
multivariate statistical tests in two groups. For detail analysis detailed T, independent T and detailed f were used.
Results:Participating women average age was 28.47±5.17 years old with age domain 19-49. The result of hoteling chisquare
test showed that there is a significant difference in two groups and also between childbirth types with domains of
subjectivism and objectivism, experiences, adaption and responsibility. But no significant difference was observed between
childbirth type in two groups in respect of neo personality type inventory in neurosis domain and present childbirth with
previous childbirth and also with age, place of living, income, job, number of children and birth rank and with variables of
Discussion and conclusion:It seems that a more percent of people with natural childbirth were more considerable and loyal
and responsible people. It is suggested that screening tests to be performed from pregnant women before and after decision
for Caesarian childbirth for reducing Caesarian.
Keywords- Personality Five Factors, Natural Childbirth, Caesarian