Fundamental Principles of Green Building and Sustainable Site Design
A green building is one whose construction and lifetime of operation assure the healthiest possible environment
while representing the most efficient and least disruptive use of land, water, energy and resources. The optimum design
solution is one that effectively emulates all of the natural systems and conditions of the pre-developed site – after development
is complete. The ideal “green” project preserves and restores habitat that is vital for sustaining life and becomes a net producer
and exporter of resources, materials, energy and water rather than being a net consumer. While many green materials and
technologies do cost more, it has been demonstrated that many green strategies and technologies actually cost the same and
some even cost less than traditional “not-so-green” technologies. Building a green building is not just a matter of assembling a
collection of the latest green technologies or materials. Rather, it is a process in which every element of the design is first
optimized and then the impact and interrelationship of various different elements and systems within the building and site are
re-evaluated, integrated, and optimized as part of a whole building solution.
Index Terms— Green Technology, Bumboo, Light concrete, Water Conservation.