The ISRELI – Palestinian Conflict – A Critical Review
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. This conflict came
from the inter-communal violence in Mandatory Palestine between Israelis and Arabs from 1920 and erupted into full-scale
hostilities in the 1947–48 Civil War. The fresh eruption of this never-ending war between the Jews and Muslims began on
July 2, 2014, when Israel unleashed a revenge attack on Palestine in response to the killing of three young Jews boys of
around Seventeen years of age. One the one hand the extremist, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh deliberately fired rockets into
civilian areas of Israel to kill as many Jews as possible. On the other hand, Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu
dropped bombs on Gaza - which caused the death of over 1,800 civilians, most of whom are women and children. The Oslo
Accords that have guided peace efforts since 1993 say borders must be determined in direct negotiations between the parties.
United Nations Security Council Resolution-2334, which passed on 23rd Dec. 2016 by a vote of 14-0 with the U.S.
abstaining, describes Israel’s settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem as illegal and an obstacle to peace with the
Palestinians. Netanyahu warned countries that backed the measure that they would pay a diplomatic and economic price.
Key words- Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Hamas, Likud, Benjamin Netanyahu, Ismail Haniyeh, West Bank, Gaza Strip,
UNSC Resolution-2334, Israel’s Settlements.