State-Level Fiscal Reforms in India
India is a classical federation with a constitutional division of the revenue powers and expenditure functions
between the central government and state governments. The central government has continued with the reform process since
1991, the states have been slower in initiating the fiscal reforms. States are trying to reduce expenditure by introducing
FRBM Act since 2003. To supplement the effort of states in the direction of evolving Medium Term Fiscal Reform
Programme, a Debt Swap Scheme has been formulated by the central government in 2002-03.