Paper Title
Human Resource Cooperation Between Vietnam and Taiwan: Situations, Problems and Solutions

The export of labor has become one of Vietnam’s socio-economic development strategies in the context of regional economic integration. In recent years, Vietnam has sent more than 80,000 workers abroad each year and it has become one of major source countries for unskilled foreign workers for Taiwan since the two sides signed an agreement on sending and receiving Vietnamese labourers to Taiwan in 1999. Human resource cooperation between Vietnam and Taiwan not just addresses Taiwan’s labor shortages but also creates jobs and a good income for Vietnamese labourers. However, there are problems. The larger the number of workers employed in Taiwan, the greater the number of runaway workers. In fact, the problem of Vietnamese runaway workers is complex, involving individual, environmental and institutional factors in both Vietnam and Taiwan. This paper has mainly focused on the issue of illegal brokerage. The study argues that one of major factors contributing to the high desertion rate among Vietnamese migrant workers is the high pre-departure cost charged by brokerage companies. So, to lessen the pressure on workers, it is necessary to produce reasonable labour export fees to ensure that workers are able to pay off their debts quickly and start accumulating capital to improve their lives. In order to support this argument, in-depth interviews with Vietnamese workers working in Taiwan were conducted by the author. Keywords- Human resource cooperation, labour export, labour migration, Vietnam, Taiwan.