Internet of Vehicles (IOV): The Pathway for Proficient Smart Global Transportation
Traditionally, the vehicle has been the extension of the response of the commands by humans. Recent advances
in the field of communications, controls and embedded systems have changed this system, craving the way to the Intelligent
Vehicle Grid. The car is now a formidable sensor platform, absorbing information from the environment (and from other
cars) and feeding it to drivers and infrastructure to assist in safe navigation, pollution control and traffic management. The
next step in this hierarchy is here: the Internet of Autonomous Vehicles. Pioneered by the Google car named as Waymo, the
Internet of Vehicles will be a distributed transport fabric which is capable oftaking its own decisions and driving customers
to their required destination. Like any other important application of the Internet of Things (e.g., the smart building), the
Internet of Vehicles will have Communications, storage, intelligence, and learning capabilities to anticipate the customers’
intentions. The concept that will help transition to the Internet of Vehicles is the Vehicular Cloud, the equivalent of Internet
cloud for vehicles, providing all the services required by the autonomous vehicles. The next important aspect of IoV is that
using proper routing approach VANET possibly which will perform the same operation as that of the internet routing
protocols. In this paper, we will discuss the basic architecture, the evolution from Intelligent Vehicle Grid to Autonomous,
Internet-connected Vehicles, Vehicular Cloud, Routing Approach, Government’s role in bringing IoV to existence, impacts
both positive and negative and also the future aspects.
Keywords - Autonomous vehicles, cloud computing, vehicular cloud, sensor platform, routing approach.