Detection of Chronic Diseases for Community-Oriented Primary Care to Elderly Patients in New Taipei City
This study analyzed the need for home nursing care information and chronic disease detection in elderly patients.
Because of the increased average life expectancy, elderly patients experience life-long chronic diseases caused by physical and
functional decline and other health problems. The health in daily lives and home nursing care skills of these patients can be
improved by enhancing their awareness and understanding of disease detection and self-care information. In this
cross-sectional study, data were recorded through personal interviews conducted using a questionnaire from March 2016 to
June 2016. The study patients (age, >65 years) were enrolled from New Taipei City, Northern Taiwan. A total of 306 patients
were analyzed after excluding patients with incomplete data and the cases of unqualified. The results revealed that women;
patients living alone; and patients with hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, older age, and lower educational levels had a
high need for chronic disease detection. Community-oriented primary care could target innovations which reduce health care
costs, also improve the quality of nursing care. The government should strengthen the community nursing care division and
primary healthcare programs for elderly patients.
Index Terms—Chronic Diseases, Community-oriented primary care (COPC), Elderly.