International Journal of Management and Applied Science (IJMAS)
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Statistics report
Sep. 2019
Submitted Papers : 80
Accepted Papers : 10
Rejected Papers : 70
Acc. Perc : 12%
Issue Published : 65
Paper Published : 4062
No. of Authors : 8338
  Journal Paper




Paper Title :
Failure Evaluation of Pressurized Double-Cracked Tubes

Author :Jaykumar K. Patel, Abdalla Elbella, Chethan Kumar Bhawarlal

Article Citation :Jaykumar K. Patel ,Abdalla Elbella ,Chethan Kumar Bhawarlal , (2018 ) " Failure Evaluation of Pressurized Double-Cracked Tubes " , International Journal of Management and Applied Science (IJMAS) , pp. 27-32, Volume-4,Issue-1

Abstract : Hostile environments and mechanical loading combinations result in failure when through-wall or part-throughwall cracks are present in nuclear power plants steam generator tubes. When the steam pressure magnitude becomes high enough, a tube might burst or existing single cracks sizes might become sufficiently large or existing small neighboring cracks might coalesce which leads to an unacceptable operational condition. All of the above result in catastrophic failure of the steam generator tube. This study is aimed at investigating failure of steam generator tubes under internal pressure in the presence of multiple cracks. Failures in steam generator tubes due to leak and rupture for single crack configuration in tubes are well documented in the literature. However, when multiple cracks interact, the tube pressure under which the ligament between cracks fails could be far less than the critical pressure for a tube with an individual crack. This failure pressure is termed coalescence pressure. In this investigation, both leak and rupture failures will be considered for tubes with two axially aligned and offset cracks. For leak failures, the fracture mechanics approach is used to investigate crack coalescence due to crack propagation mechanisms. The J-integral determined and used for failure parameters. For rupture, flow stress used as failure criteria. Finite element simulations are used to determine the above stated leak and rupture parameters. Two different models are developed in ABAQUS (a commercial finite element software) using Line-spring elements and 3D solidelements. Leak and rupture failures are assessed for varying pressures and varying crack depths (70 - 100% of tube thickness). The obtained finite element results are compared with each other and experimental results.

Type : Research paper


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